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  1. P

    10 gallon non CO2 Buce tank

    This is a true non CO2 low tech approach. Soil is aDA aqua soil, tank is 60x45x10cm, a single small internal filter is used, and a light, no other electrical devices are used. I dose about once a week or two,a tiny bit of everything. Trimming? Not much, I thin some plants out maybe once every...
  2. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    This rock is highly textured and has a green blue hue to a nice earthy brown. Mostly it is thin plate like, which is most useful and it can be cut and broken without too much effort. I have about 600 kg sitting here I've collect. I sold 300 kg off thus far. I mountain biked over it along a trail...
  3. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    I'm getting ready to break the tank down and redo it. Many of you know me for the wood, but I've been busy collecting some really nice rock locally here in California. I run and mountain bike a lot and many of the areas I've spotted rock that is very well suited. I'm thinking of several of these...
  4. P

    Water changes

    Let's look back at some history: PMDD: https://www.thekrib.com/Plants/Fertilizer/sears-conlin.html Frankly PPS is blatantly plagerizing PMDD. "Edward" never once acknowledged anything he took and posted to the original authors of PMDD. PMDD predates PPS by 8 years. I know both authors for...
  5. P

    Return of the Shallow

    I'd swap some faster weedy species for slower growing and non stemy types. Since you are already neglecting the trimming, maybe maybe not, but the shallow nature leaves less time to between trim before it throws off the scape. Maybe a corner's worth of stem plants, something pink or more red...
  6. P

    Do we really need that much fertiliser ?

    Ya'll know , do we really NEED CO2 gas enrichment? Or NEED high light? Well, depends on your goal, but the generally answer is certainly a resounding no, you do not. Folks love the haggle about ferts, but not CO2, or light, even though those are the two main drivers.
  7. P

    Twinstar LED

    I've considered the 90 cm ES versions for the 70 Gallon I have, finding T5 bulbs is troublesome for the 39W and the RBG mix works, but I like some more user friendly controls. Radion Ecotech has a FW light where you can control and adjust lights and intensities, and colors...
  8. P

    Crystal Mountain

    You might consider adding some moss(say weeping or mini Xmas) to the wood. Would give a nice feel and "age" the look more. Big water change and then add moss with super glue gel. Refill 5 minutes later.
  9. P

    Garage farm tank, White Anubias petite

    It's not a hard plant etc..........just folks get weird when the price is high, they do not want to kill it. I've gotten back some plants from a couple of folks who likely would have killed their Anubias and Buces..........a couple came back covered 99% in BBA. I put them in a tank next to this...
  10. P

    Garage farm tank, White Anubias petite

    All submersed grown, not really limiting for the given rate of growth and the plants, ADA AS is fairly new in this tank.
  11. P

    Garage farm tank, White Anubias petite

    I had one of the original ones way back in the 1990's, I let it die though. That same stock ended up 15 years later being this same plant. I like them for contrast purposes only. And they are rather easy to grow, any fern/Buce, Anubias tend to be good money makers over time. New leaves on all...
  12. P

    George Farmer in the USA, finally

    BTW George, you can schedule Sept 4th and 5th, the flight and a few meals are free from Houston and back.
  13. P

    George Farmer in the USA, finally

    Hoping we will get him back again in Sept.
  14. P

    George Farmer in the USA, finally

    It was good to finally meet George and Emma in Washington DC. He gave an excellent talk, you all are lucky to have him over there. Ironically the last thing on my mind was to talk about aquariums, I wanted to run through some trails and creeks but my foot was bugging me. George like myself is...
  15. P

    5 meter x 1.2 meter x 1.2 meter planted tanks

    I have 2 of these big tanks to do.........and one guy have a reef tank that matches the planted...........so I'll actually do 3 of these, but less work with the reef. This piece will go in one of the tanks, not sure which just yet. About 1 meter tall. It's larger than you think, about 2 meters...
  16. P

    Spezial N - Nitrogen Fertilizer

    I still want someone to explain why I have never seen a single case of K+ excess causing a problem for ANY plant species? Look, I've played this game with folks going back to 2001 now. Every single time someone claims to have a found a plant that is sensitive to K+ and/or EI, I grow it and it...
  17. P

    "Fifty Shades of Green" - (1600 Litre Sanjarami)

    Have you considered removing a few of the foreground plants and adding a whit sand front? Would make the scape look better I think, and be easier to care for. You'd keep the mid ground and some of the foreground plants, but it would provide a bit more space and look more organized.
  18. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    You need a lot of wood to work with to get the idea done nicely in a new scape. I started with a pile maybe 3x1x2 meters and parred it down to this. Then these will be modified a little here or there as well.
  19. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    Good news! I removed the wood from this tank, it is no more. This means Version 4.0 is up next. This is the hardscape as of now, but I'll adjust them a bit here or there(no sediment to support them, adjust up or down here), but they will mostly be at the horizontal relative to the sediment...
  20. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    These are with the Canon 5D All you need to do is resize.
  21. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    I sold about 20 Erio sieboldaniums this week. Still have plenty. It's that time of the year again when I redo the hardscape, pulled out 3-4 different sets of hardscaping materials
  22. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    Yes, good post. EI has no set rule, it is arbitrary. It just offers a simple method to set a range of ppm's fairly tight or loose depending on what the user desires, or assumes as risk or wants as target range. Where someone wants to set those ranges is up to them, but you can start at 1x...
  23. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    How the water flows is important, the filtration also. Shallow tank, wide lower pressure flow across the top. The 180 has much more, but is deeper and less surface to volume ratio. Filtration rate is roughly the same, but I add a Vortech power head in that tank, adds well over 10X hr/movement.
  24. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    When you pull up a lot of ADA AS and replant, that makes quite the mess. Also, staying on top of things has many benefits. Those are why we do __any water changes__ (mostly). ADA suggest weekly large water changes, but we do not see anyone complaining about their dosing. I find that...
  25. P

    New 70 Gallon hardscape Buce tank

    Removed all the White Anubias finally. Looks nicer I think.
  26. P

    CO2 and EI

    You assume that it is a dangerous environment, but is it? Where is the evidence? People have claimed this for decades, yet when tested under controlled conditions, there's no risk observed. You need to have good observations, that support the claim under controlled conditions. If you have algae...
  27. P

    CO2 and EI

    Those 3 species are fast growing weeds. They have better ability to compete than most every species we keep in aquariums. They can start photosynthesis at a lower light and meet respiration demands(thus actually "grow" have a net gain of fixed carbon). However, do you think ALL 400+ species...
  28. P

    CO2 and EI

    There are some other factors that appear overlooked: Temperature Also, while you provide good O2 data(more about that later) Drop checkers are woefully POOR methods to measure CO2. Relative pH might be better, but the tank you have does not degas particularly well and you need to keep the...
  29. P

    CO2 and EI

    pH drop has nothing to do with it, respiration of heterotrophes do. Bacteria, inverts, fish etc. If you have a high ppm of CO2 and the O2 stays the same, then it'll be harder and harder to respire. I'd assume that it also the care for plants since they respire also, but after say 50-70 ppm of...
  30. P

    Where I collect manzanita driftwood

    Not sure on age, but I'd guess the larger older ones might be in the 20-30 year range. Leaves live about 4-5 years on most species in the genus. It will invade a post high intensity fire region really fast and you see lots of very dense stands. Poor soil, bad soil for pine trees, then even more...
  31. P

    Where I collect manzanita driftwood

    Meth labs? Too much Breaking Bad eh?
  32. P

    Where I collect manzanita driftwood

    New site, very nice spot.
  33. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    The tank is 120 cm by about 75 cm x 45 cm basically. Light is 120cm 54W T5 bulbs, a mix of mostly red and a couple of white blue. Filter, CPR 1000 wet/dry filter, herbie style overflow. Ferts are just eI, dosed 2x a week, I dose tracves more, and more frequently, 5-6x a week. Water changes...
  34. P

    Ferts question! (and TDS)

    I cannot kill any shrimp using EI dosing. I have perhaps a few thousand?
  35. P

    AZOO FLEXI MINI LED Light Fixture

    Well, some thumbs up, but they sort of said they had all this data that would support sales, then never did much with it. Next, you have an LEd fixture you CANNOT adjust the height. It's for small tanks only. Other than those issues, it's nice.
  36. P

    relationship between hardness and ph drop

    Seems he's doing okay, not quite enough CO2, the plants are not covered at least in BBA, just wood and lack luster plant growth. Use a pH meter and try the 1.0-1.2 pH drop if you leave the tank be without CO2 for a good 24 hours without lights etc. Skim off any surface scum you can see before...
  37. P

    New 70 Gallon hardscape Buce tank

    I'm not particularly fond on unnatural colors in planted tanks, hybrids etc, but I've bred normal phenotype fish and gotten a few Albino recessives over the years, so I'm okay with it. I had a lot of CPD, but you'd never see them. The fish are small, easy to keep as flies, contrast very...
  38. P

    New 70 Gallon hardscape Buce tank

    No, this is showing off: welcome to the Borneo forest stream.
  39. P

    Rotala macandra and high alkalinity

    I cannot say either way, I'd need to add a lot of baking soda to my tanks to do it, but the R mac is a real weed. Every plant is at lower KH's, how much and which ones are not? That's a more difficult case to say. I could certainly set up the methods to do it, and add more and more baking...
  40. P

    Shrimps and water nitrates etc

    I cannot kill them. Believe me, I've tried. Reason? To cull the lower grades and keep the nicer fire reds only. I've never found anything that will not also kill the plants as well. I've tried things like algaefix(Busan 77), all sorts of extreme fert solutions. Temps. CO2 gassing. Bastages...
  41. P

    Video of Tom Barr trimming 180 gallon Starougyne lawn.

    Nuke powered plasma fresnel lens directed thermo lighting system, actually ATI sunpower 8 bulb fixtures. CO2, gas tank, CO2 reactor in the sump. Wet/dry filter. 180 Gallon 180 cm x 65 x 60. ADA aqua soil, maybe 7 years old now.
  42. P

    Natural bonsai trees

    Manzanita A. patula I likely will do some type of diorama style for the next tank I do............I obviously have the techniques and skill set, and the hardscape materials to pull off a decent mix of various elements I like, so I might use a tree scene most likely. I might fuse that with...
  43. P

    Natural bonsai trees

  44. P

    Now for something very different

    You do not want the N or P to bottom out..........then the refugium macros die off and make a mess. So you feed a bit more. Water changes can reduce the need for supplements and Calcium etc.............but dosing those a bit in conjunction with water changes...........now you have more...
  45. P

    Video of Tom Barr trimming 180 gallon Starougyne lawn.

    Gloss and other plants respond the same way to mows. About the same time frame, but if you go several weeks, they really get foul.........whereas Starougyne stays pretty decent, but just piles on itself. Less demanding than most plants.
  46. P

    Now for something very different

    Macro algae tank is a touchier to take a pic of except during late at night.Too many reflections. House is full of them.
  47. P

    Now for something very different

    I've taken care of reefs for client's for some time, and marine fish tanks. But I've had a few starts on macro tanks, cold water systems etc, and nothing really excited me all that much, macro algae did............but I wanted something else. So I seem to have finally got bitten by the reef bug...
  48. P

    Video of Tom Barr trimming 180 gallon Starougyne lawn.

    Pre trim: Time = 0 Time = 7 days Time= 14 days Time= 21 days A trim or two later, maybe a month? Then I did an older video in 2012 of the tank about then also.
  49. P

    Video of Tom Barr trimming 180 gallon Starougyne lawn.

    About 3 weeks to have a decent looking lawn, but it will not be as thick and tall as what I cut. What I cut needed cut, maybe 2 months(8-10 weeks worth of growth from a cut to the bone trim)
  50. P

    Video of Tom Barr trimming 180 gallon Starougyne lawn.

    After about 3 minutes, you can stop, it's just more of the same. A client wanted 300 plants suddenly. I'm like 1$ per plant with extras, he's like okay, sure.
  51. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    I'm likely going to redo the tank in a while. I have 2 exams for certification for my business and contract work coming up in Oct and Nov, so I'll be in study mode for those, and redoing a tank works well somethings in that mid set. Other times, I just feel guilty if I do anything other than...
  52. P

    Twinstar DIY

    Viktor, I'm razzing you a bit, hehe. I like Amano a lot, but I will and have........asked him tough reasonable questions. I think of you more like ADG here in the USA, I know Jeff and Andrew well and over a long time frame. My hard crust below the gravel line of perhaps a 1-2 inch long band...
  53. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    About 100 of the pork chops.
  54. P

    Twinstar DIY

    That was not BGA, that was old crusty green algae, and hard species that forms below the glass from not cleaning it for months. There's no BGA to speak of except below the gravel line in the ADA next to the glass where is poses no issues and has never been an issue. BGA wipes out easily with...
  55. P

    Twinstar DIY

    Several people have made Twinstar DIY models from Stainless steel mesh. A research paper evaluates it, this is mostly for H2 production, but the by product is O2. http://www.engr.psu.edu/ce/enve/logan/publications/2010-Zhang-etal-IJHE.pdf So an anode and cathod (SS mesh) and a wire coming...
  56. P

    Tom Barr Buce tank!

    Yahoo worksAlbino neons About 150, they do better than I thought they might.
  57. P

    Tom Barr Buce tank!

    The small ones are just that, small plants, over time, they end up getting much larger. All the so called dwarf and other mini types seem to be much larger after you grow them out in rich aquarium conditions, they might be just stunted and smaller from natural systems, where many of them come...
  58. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    30 sec video with the schooling behavior a focus
  59. P

    Tom Barr Buce tank!

    The scape has a few more months off before it develops, Buce foregrounds take some time, but they are really special and develop into beautiful gardens. Most are just tossed in and the aquarist do not try to really develop and grow the genus. They tend to be concerned with selling them or happen...
  60. P

    Tom Barr Buce tank!

  61. P

    Video of Tom Barr's open house meet and trim ideas

    I plan on doing a few more. Each tank has a very different schedule and approach to scaping, so they are all this mish mash of different styles, different methods/techniques, something I've always considered and had a strong interest in, not just one method or style. So a video with more detail...
  62. P

    Twinstar..what is it?

    Use DTPA instead of Gluconate or ETDA.......... If you are an expert, well..........then you really are not selling the product because you do not need the product. A method, or a device, any.........can be made to do very well if you are good to begin with. I do not think that is a logical...
  63. P

    Video of Tom Barr's open house meet and trim ideas

    Best to lie and keep the myth alive :-)
  64. P

    Video of Tom Barr's open house meet and trim ideas

    Well, I like to have enough space to enjoy the tanks and they are in the center of the living space, so I can do other things while hanging out with the kids and family. If you hide a tank away in some odd spot, then it's not enjoyed. Same with the Bonsai and landscaping etc. The wood pic...
  65. P

    Erio compressum

  66. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    Redid some stuff, have an open house coming up with the SF club. I will redo the Blood vomits, the Hydrothrix will fill in a lot in the next 1-2 weeks, it's a weed. I moved the Erio setaceum to the back, they did better there. I uprooted all the A. reineckii mini and replanted them last...
  67. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    Tanks actually a little bit ratty too, but in a another month or so, most things will be filled in well.
  68. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    Well, get funky and watch a video then, gives a good idea of the plant and fish density.
  69. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    Yes, she's a poser.
  70. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    They ramp up and down based on %, not no# of bulbs for the dawn to dusk effects also. 100% for 6 hours with a 1 hour ramp up and 1 hour ramp down(0%-to 100% ramp up/down).
  71. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    HC to replace the EH, and some wood, trimmed things up some today also.
  72. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    Next day: I did not replant all stems, maybe 50%. 2 good sized water changes. Not a shred of algae left. Good care etc, 95% of it. I did use one 1/2 dose of algaefix, but this is not much. Gets any leftovers I missed. Effective at killing Green hair algae, but not much else. It's also lethal...
  73. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    10 days away and CO2 tank ran empty for 8 days before I got back to this: 2 Days later: suck on them apples.
  74. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    Seems to block CO2 uptake in some plant species, maybe 10-20 Rotala and Ludwigia species mostly. Adding more gas does not rectify the issue.
  75. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    CO2 uptake mostly.
  76. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    Not sure about the higher KH, some species, certainly, other's, not so sure. 3-4 degrees, very likely. More? No so sure.
  77. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    I'm not sure this is really a "Western" aesthetic or not. It is not traditional in either style, perhaps a long way from either style. But my own ideas and visions are not based on that. Our local Bonsai club is heavily dominated by Japanese masters. But they like other styles too. If you can...
  78. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    Some influences are from Dutch, some personal and some Nature. Developing one's own style is as good as copying the best styles. Both skills are needed to learn and keep the different ideas going in the hobby.
  79. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    Well, I have not trimmed the other side much lately, so it's a bit over grown, whereas I had just mowed the left. There's 3-4 plant groups that need to fill in again somewhat. But in a couple of months, it should be primed. I have a new idea and direction for the next incarnation.
  80. P

    Nutrients and eutrophication

    Too many aquatic weeds= bad. Too few= also bad. Too much algae= bad, too little, also bad. The man made issues: way too much waste added to natural and man made systems with FAR fewer control points than an aquarium. You cannot control a lakes CO2 or O2 or light or temp routines without a...
  81. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    Sure, I'll show up with this: I'll put an ADA label on it, using only the tears of unicorns for fuel.
  82. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    Post Erio compressum thinning, I removed 15 plants actually. Blood vomits have done well and are pretty easy actually.
  83. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    Post trim, did a fair amount of Erio removal so it's still pretty cloudy: Things will fill in pretty good this next cycle. The Erio setaceum type 3 in the rear right corner have come in nicely now. I had to most doubts about those. The Erio compressum will fill back in pretty nicely over the...
  84. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    It's time to uproot and divide those Erio compressums. alastair, yes, Mini Pellia, grows weird in this tank, it's hard, like a scrub brush fiber.
  85. P

    "Dutch something or the other" 120 Gal

    A couple of weeks later after stuffing the holes I drilled: Limnophila wavy guinea and Erio type 3 have come a long way: Erio compressum has many many new side shoot plants.
  86. P

    70 Gallon Buce tank teaser

    I have some CPD in the Quarantine tanks, have had them maybe a year now, took me a long time to catch them and I just never bothered to put them back.tghe past design, they just did not look good nor did they feel comfy. This design, they should. I subjected them to really massive temp flux...
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